After decades of adding to your retirement accounts, making the mental switch to withdrawal mode can be a challenge. It may be tempting to try to time the market to mitigate the risk of any sudden drops or ongoing turbulence. However, market timing is almost unequivocally a bad idea, especially when you no longer have the ability to financially recover from major mistakes. Learn how creating a financial plan for your retirement can help you avoid any sudden, costly moves.
Why Market Timing Doesn't Work
It can be painful to watch your hard-earned money evaporate during a particularly rocky period in the stock market. This makes it tempting to sell when values start dropping, then buy back in once they're on the rebound.
However, successful market timing requires investors to be right not once but twice—selling near the top and buying back in at the bottom. Predicting both the market high and low can be a challenge even for the most experienced investors, and many of the top-performing days in the stock market are interspersed among some of the most poorly-performing days.
In fact, someone who found themselves sitting on the sidelines during the best 10 market days between 1998 and 2019 had their total investment return cut in half.1 Missing less than two weeks over two decades may seem like a blip in the grand scheme of things, but this shows that even a short stint of poor market timing can have lifelong consequences. Instead, it's important to find an asset allocation you're comfortable with, and then stick with it through times of turbulence and prosperity.
How a Financial Plan Can Help
One way to avoid fiddling with your investments too much in retirement is to have a financial plan. By knowing in advance how much you'll be spending each month (and, therefore, how much you'll need to withdraw from your investments), you can reach an asset allocation that provides plenty of breathing room. For some, it may make sense to have anywhere from six months to a year or more of living expenses set aside in cash; in other situations, it makes more sense to have as much of your money as possible working for you in the market.
A financial plan is more than just a budget. It also takes into account things like federal and state income tax rates and early withdrawal penalties, ensuring that you're drawing from taxable and tax-free accounts in a way that minimizes your overall tax liability. Someone whose retirement assets are largely held in pre-tax accounts like an IRA or 401(k) may wind up with a very different spending plan and asset allocation than someone whose assets are in a Roth or other post-tax account.
A financial plan can also provide some built-in flexibility, allowing you to revise your approach if something happens to change your income or spending projections.
Investment advice offered through Planned Financial Services, a Registered Investment Advisor.
The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. To determine which investment(s) may be appropriate for you, consult your financial professional prior to investing. All performance referenced is historical and is no guarantee of future results. All indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.
The information provided is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax planning or legal advice. We suggest that you consult with a qualified tax or legal advisor.
Asset allocation does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss.
The Roth IRA offers tax deferral on any earnings in the account. Withdrawals from the account may be tax free, as long as they are considered qualified. Limitations and restrictions may apply. Withdrawals prior to age 59 ½ or prior to the account being opened for 5 years, whichever is later, may result in a 10% IRS penalty tax. Future tax laws can change at any time and may impact the benefits of Roth IRAs. Their tax treatment may change.